Wet Macular Degeneration Treatment
Anti-VEGF Therapy (Eye Injections)
VEGF stands for Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor, which is released by the retina in cases of wet AMD. VEGF causes growth of new blood vessels, leakage, and bleeding under the retina. Anti-VEGF medications accomplish two things simultaneously. First, they stop blood vessels from forming underneath the retina. Next, they block any existing blood vessels in these regions from leaking.
In many use cases, patients have been able to regain AMD vision loss using Anti-VEGF drugs. Because the eye injection wears off over time, you will need several follow-up treatments with these medications.
Dry Macular Degeneration Treatment Options
Several studies show that Lutein, Zeaxanthine, vitamins C, E, and Zinc supplements can help protect the health of macula cells. The eye specialist may prescribe these supplements to support the retina’s cell structure for most cases of dry AMD. Green leafy vegetables and those with hot colors are packed with plenty of vision-enhancing vitamins. They can be significantly beneficial.
The nutritional intervention significantly lowers the risk of central vision loss in patients with both intermediate and advanced dry AMD based on research.
Vision Aides and Intraocular lenses
When advanced AMD occurs, patients frequently benefit from visual aids such as enhanced lighting, specialized glasses, and magnifying lenses. Low vision specialists, typically optometrists with sub-specialty training in low vision, are helpful in determining which devices and techniques are best suited to the visual limitations of a unique patient.
The eye doctor may discuss the option of intraocular lens implantation surgery. In this type of procedure, a tiny telescope is introduced into your eye. It helps to enlarge objects and overcomes the limitations of the damaged photoreceptor cells. This type of surgery works for some people but may not be good for everyone. Your ophthalmologist will advise.
There are currently no FDA-approved medications for advanced dry AMD. Even so, several new therapies under investigation may one day slow down or reverse the effects of dry AMD. Meanwhile, patients can slow down progression via lifestyle changes:
- Losing weight
- Quitting smoking
- Seeking treatment for high blood pressure
- Wearing sunglasses whenever in the sun
Living with AMD
Following AMD diagnosis, it is essential to monitor symptoms and make regular visits to the local ophthalmologist. Report any incidences of distorted vision as soon as they occur. The retina specialist may recommend eyeglasses or reading devices that make up for visual deficits.
Macular Degeneration Treatment Outlook
People rarely go totally blind from AMD. In severe AMD cases, only central vision is affected. With early detection and AMD treatment, you can avoid even this kind of vision loss. During and after macular degeneration treatment, one typically remains visually functional and can maintain a healthy lifestyle.
However, if AMD affects both your eyes, it may be unsafe to drive or operate machinery. Consult with your eye doctor before you get behind the wheel.
The Best Macular Degeneration Treatment
The latest, approved, and most effective AMD treatment is the anti-VEGF therapy. This is a periodic eye injection that can stop the causes of wet age-related macular degeneration. At first, the procedure may feel a little uncomfortable, but with subsequent therapies, most patients get accustomed to it.
AMD Degeneration Timeline
It takes a long time, an average of ten years, to lose vision with AMD. Typically, in the early AMD stages, there are mild incidences of reduced vision. In the intermediate stage of the condition, things become more blurry. In the late stage of AMD, your vision gets significantly impaired. Straight lines become wavy, and you may struggle to read, drive, or see someone’s face at a distance.